Led by Marty Thaler, our product design team received the open-ended challenge of "innovating in the operating room." 
 The team created concepts for six different pieces of an operating room furniture suite. 1) redesigned the floors and walls and organizational and orienting tools. 2) Build note-taking and smart device platforms into the operating room -- critical at a teaching hospital. 3) Is a monitor system that allows everyone in the operating room equal access to visual information and focused on the patient. 4) Is a digital table that maps tool placement. 5) Is an expandable cart and modular furniture system that allows for extra space for tools when needed. 6) Created new "backstage"  storage systems for easy-to-access emergency tools, so they would be within easy reach, but out of the way. 
 This concept created flexible grids for time and space. The time wall allowed the doctors,nurses, and students flowing in and out of surgery to orient themselves to the current stage. The floors created a flexible grid pattern so it would be easier and faster to perform custom set-ups of surgical furniture. 
 Floor layouts were based on modeling patterns of common set-up and flow in the operating room. 
 Map of operating room "zones"  gained from observations of various types of surgeries that informed floor design and furniture decisions.
 The team conducted over 200 hours of surgical and hospital observations, including set-up, clean-up, shift turnovers, and tool management. 
 Rapid prototyping is powerful! One of the most useful prototypes was a small-scale version of the operating room that was used to build small-scale rapid prototypes and to understand how they would fit into a complex space. 
 Analogous research to the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sushi Preparation Tool, and Floriole Bakery led to key insights about attention to detail, teaching in real-time, and flexible vs. rigid roles that informed our design principles for this project.
 Holding a workshop at the University of Chicago Hospital with over 70 doctors and nurses allowed us to get critical feedback on concepts. 
 Where we left it the project: Since we were in early concept phase of the project, we set up the next steps for development for the team. Our work continued at the Institute of Design with a systems and communication-focused workshop. I am currently back for the third phase of research, which is pinpointing sources of where critical information fails to reach the necessary person in the operating room.    
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